• V.L. Sinta Herindrasti International Relations Study Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Indonesian Christian University.
Keywords: international actors, renewable energy, international position, energy transition


Renewable energy (solar energy, wind, ocean, geothermal, bio-energy) is believed to be a “game-changer” in energy relations between countries and completely change the landscape of international relations. Fossil energy – which will soon become extinct – will inevitably be replaced by renewable energy and this energy transition will be an interesting phenomenon from a global geopolitical perspective. Fossil energy-producing countries, especially coal, oil, and natural gas, will be displaced by renewable energy-producing countries where the accompanying characteristics will change established patterns of strategy and cooperation. As a vast archipelagic country with enormous renewable energy potential, Indonesia – along with other major powers such as the United States, Europe, Russia, China, Japan, India, and OPEC countries – should be able to undertake utilization and mitigation strategies in this major transition. The emergence of the global energy game that will lead to a renewable energy regime is a big momentum that will shape the future of energy geopolitics. Is Indonesia in the right direction and strategy in the context of this energy transition? How can Indonesia's energy strategy and policies position Indonesia internationally and make it a "winner" and not a "loser"? This paper will examine the development of renewable energy in Indonesia, Indonesia's position in the international world and its potential as an international actor.


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How to Cite
Herindrasti, V. S. (2022). POSITIONING INDONESIA IN THE INTERNATIONAL WORLD THROUGH ENERGY TRANSFORMATION . Journal of Social Political Sciences, 3(2), 166-187. https://doi.org/10.52166/jsps.v3i2.109